Tag Archives: slavery

Frederick Douglass’ “The Meaning of July Fourth

Almost a decade before the Civil War, Frederick Douglass was asked to speak at Rochester, New York’s Fourth of July celebration, (held on the fifth) in 1852. What the citizens, the white citizens, of Rochester heard was not what they … Continue reading

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Mississippi Secession — Jan. 9, 1861

…just in case there was any confusion about why the Civil War was fought. My students and I  are presently examining this 155-year old document. A Declaration of the Immediate Causes which Induce and Justify the Secession of the State … Continue reading

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“A Subtlety” by Kara Walker

A year and a half ago, Kara Walker was asked to create a piece in the old Domino Sugar Factory that was due for demolition in Brooklyn in New York. She created a piece called “Subtlety or the Marvelous Sugar … Continue reading

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Mississippi, once again, in the lead—ratifying the 13th amendment 148 years later

It’s really hard to believe, but the state of Mississippi ratified the 13th amendment 11 days ago. That’s right. The amendment that abolishes slavery, and became part of the U.S. Constitution in 1865, was officially ratified in Mississippi on February … Continue reading

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Slavery—guaranteed by the Constitution

This fall we studied the Constitution. Word by word. It was painful for my 8th graders. Some of the language seemed ancient to them. Lots of double negatives. They had a hard time finding the subject of some sentences. Or … Continue reading

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